Category Archives: Gardening

Recently I read a wonderful article in our local paper called the Power of Produce or POP. What is POP? It’s a local club that sets out to provide a fun way to have children learn about the local food system in their neighborhoods, talk to local farmers and try new fruits and vegetables.Power of Produce


The club started in Hartland, Vermont three years ago after Carol Stedman attended a workshop at the Vermont Farmers Market Association conference. It’s the third year the club has been in existence and they now have over 70 children participating. Power of Produce originally started in May 2011 at the Oregon city Farmers Market in Oregon City, Oregon. The programs mission was three fold: to empower children to make healthy food choices, to strengthen and sustain healthy communities through supporting farmers and cultivating future farmers market supporters and to expand farmers markets from a retail location into a place where children can try new foods, and earn about healthy eating.Power of Produce


How does it work? In Hartland, Vermont Power of Produce encourages children ages 5-12 to make healthy food choices by offering educational activities, cooking demonstrations and food sampling. In addition each child is provided with “three POP bucks” in market currency to spend on fresh produce. This encourages the children to engage in the local food system though conversations with farmers, buying local, and understanding the importance of making healthy food choices.Power of Produce


Children fill out a POP passport, collect the week’s scavenger hunt list, visit the various farmers to answer the questions from the list, taste fruits and vegetables and fill out their passport to earn POP bucks. With bucks in hand they can shop at the market for fresh fruits and vegetables. Each week they also learn how to make a recipe of the day, which they can take home, and share with their families.Power of Produce


Power of Produce is catching on around the country. Surveys have found that children who participate influence their parents’ food purchasing choices. In addition, farmers markets that have set up POP clubs found an overall increase in sales for their vendors.


Have you ever heard of Power of Produce? I think it is a wonderful idea and one that should be a part of every farmers market. The more people that start making healthy food choices the healthier we’ll be as a country!Power of Produce



A green lawn often goes hand-in-hand with the white picket fence. It’s part of the dream. It’s part of America’s culture. It’s your own little carefully-tended patch of paradise.


However, times are changing, with a renewed focus on sustainable living. 9 billion gallons of water per day are used to maintain lawns in the United States, according to the EPA. This makes lawn care a waste of water if you live pretty much anywhere besides Seattle.


The Disadvantages of the American Lawn


Having a lawn-based yard has other disadvantages, even if you’re not staggering through a drought. Here are some examples:


  • Fertilizer and pesticide use can (and has) hurt the surrounding ecosystem.
  • Gas-powered mowers are used to maintain lawns.
  • Grass takes an insane amount of water. Some estimates say that half of residential water is used to maintain the lawn.
  • Lawns occupy land that could otherwise be a habitat for native plants and animals.
  • Grass takes a lot of time and money to maintain. Americans in 2009 spent $20 billion in a year on lawn care. And some estimates state that the average American spends about 70 hours per year on lawn care.
  • The look is generic and many find it uncreative and lacking in local flavor.


How Did Grass become Classic?


Most of the species of grass we use for our yards aren’t native to North America. They’ve been transplanted from tropical islands and rainy grasslands like Scotland. Even Kentucky Bluegrass is actually native to Europe. The practice of having a lawn became popular for several reasons. For one thing, there’s the strategic use of it. Having a wide lawn bordering a fortress made it much easier to see attackers as they came. However, decorative lawns came into popular use as the gentry utilized them in landscaping decisions. It quickly became a badge of status, as only the very wealthy could afford to have an entire workforce just dedicated to maintaining a decorative crop.


Because it was popular among the wealthy, the middle class inevitably adopted it during the Victorian era. The philosophy and care of residential lawns gradually developed, up until the explosion of planned communities and suburbs in America during the 50’s. A lawn was a way to blend pastoral ideals with military efficiency and conformance.


Ready to Grow Past the Lawn?


If you’re over the common practice of laying down sod, and you’re ready to make your yard more sustainable, creative, and drought-resistant, take a look at these ideas for a great landscape with less lawn.


Pocket gardens: Pocket gardens are little sections of the yard where you have a concentrated area of plants. These sections provide more variety and more habitat for local animals than a lawn would. Pocket gardens work especially well for succulents if you’re in a desert area. It’s also great when incorporated with interesting garden pathways and differentiations in the levels of the ground.


Play with textures of concrete and stonework: Sure, flat concrete across the yard looks like something straight out of a gulag, but there are plenty of ways to play with concrete and stonework that look amazing. Green elements aren’t the only way to add visual interest to your yard. Get a variety of textures and elements and make it a design asset instead of an infrastructure necessity. Incorporate gravel, pebbles, slabs of concrete, and large stones in order to create design and contrast.


Feature the pathways: Make the pathways the feature of your yard instead of the lawn. This is a great way to make your yard look inviting, even without a soft lawn. You can feature your path by making it a beautiful statement piece of pavers, flagstones, cobblestones, or even brick. Make your pathway look less severe by allowing patches of lawn (or other groundcover) between the stones, or you can add in large potted plants along the border. Prominent pathways are also really useful if you opt for alternative groundcover that doesn’t handle foot traffic very well.


Got the pathways covered? Consider adding other hardscaping elements, including retaining walls, fountains, raised beds, etc. Check out these ideas for rock landscaping ideas.


Consider a new alternative for white space: One of the reasons that grass is such a great default for our yards is that it makes “white space” or blank space that gives our eyes places to rest, so they’re not bombarded with stimulation from every quarter. However, your yard’s “white space” doesn’t have to be green! Use stonework, concrete, gravel, and mulch instead for those spaces between features. This is a great way to embrace the modern minimal look, which is also a great way to save on decorating and home-planning. Browse “modern garden” inspiration boards for great ideas you can use on your space.


Grow gardens, not lawn: Covering about 2% of the continental United States, turf grass actually qualifies as the single most common irrigated crop in America. Considering that it’s a purely ornamental crop with no other benefits, this is just a ridiculous use of water. However, if there were actually something being produced by that lawn, the investment of water and maintenance would be worth it. Say, for example, you were actually growing cucumbers out there, or tomatoes, or squash.


Gardens can be beautifully decorative. From runner beans trailing up a fence to decorative kale, it might be time to start planting something in your yard that will fill up a salad later in the season.


Alternative groundcover: Grass is certainly not the only thing that can fulfill its purpose in a yard. There are other things that can cover the ground, create visual interest, and create effective divisions between other elements of your yard. Consider planting alternative grasses (which are hardier and native) as well as runners that send out horizontal vines and sometimes touch down in the soil again. Here are some examples of beautiful alternative groundcover:


  • Partridgeberry
  • Morinda
  • Mesa Verde ice plant
  • Creeping thyme
  • Wooly thyme
  • Sedum
  • Creeping Jenny
  • Chamomile
  • Snow-in-summer


Use lawn in smaller patches: There is a purpose for lawn. After all, how much of your childhood relied on a great lawn for games like tag, Simon Says, and catch? There’s something about a good lawn that lures us outside to play. In order to go greener, you don’t have to get rid of all of your lawn. Have a designated functional space that actually gets used, then treasure it! It’s worth the investment as long as you’re using it, and smart practices can still help you save on sprinkler water usage. If, on the other hand, the only time anyone in your family spends time on the lawn is to mow it, then it’s probably time to rethink your landscaping.

Despite the fact that I’ve cut back on my garden I am still growing a healthy crop of zucchini! I love zucchini and I always grow more than I need. How do I use it up? Here are a few of my favorite ways:


Favorite Zucchini Recipes:


Zucchini and Parmesan Crusted Chicken

This recipe has been adapted from a recipe I tried using HelloFresh. Although the original recipe was good I felt it needed a little something more so I added some minced garlic! Why have I never thought of topping a chicken breast with shredded zucchini? The zucchini keeps the chicken moist and tender while it is cooking. The addition of garlic and Parmesan gives a delicious flavor to the mix.Zucchini Parmesan Crusted Chicke


Zucchini Fettuccine Alfredo

I love using my spiralizer to create zucchini noodles. I use the noodles in all sorts of ways. Sometimes I use zucchini noodles in place of pasta when serving spaghetti and meatballs. I’ve recently been experimenting to create a Fettuccine Alfredo using zucchini noodles and a light sauce. This extra light Alfredo sauce for pasta gets its silkiness from fresh ricotta and grated Parmesan cheese. I think it’s a winner! Perfect all by itself of serve as a side dish with grilled steak.Zucchini Fettuccine


Corn Zucchini Salsa

I love zucchini and I always plant more than I need in my garden. As a result I am always looking for new ways to use it up! This is a new recipe for me this year! Serve this delicious salsa with tortilla chips or try it on top of grilled chicken breasts or fish. It’s got just the right amount of zip!Corn Zucchini Salsa


Chocolate Zucchini Cake

One of my favorite ways to use up zucchini is making a Chocolate Zucchini Cake. This recipe is especially good if you have some oversized zucchini that need to be used up. A friend of mine shared this recipe with me years ago and we’ve been enjoying it ever since.Chocolate Zucchini Cake


Zucchini Relish

The same friend that shared her chocolate zucchini cake recipe also gave me this wonderful relish recipe. I don’t even buy relish any more as this is the family favorite. Another wonderful way to use up zucchini! Making this relish is a two-day affair so be sure to plan accordingly.Zucchini Relish



Zucchini Quiche

A friend I worked with shared this recipe with me years ago. I have made it every summer since then and we still enjoy it! You can serve it as a complete dinner along with a salad or use it as a side dish.Zucchini Quiche


Turkey, Quinoa and Zucchini Meatloaf

Looking for a delicious and healthy meal? Try this delicious meatloaf recipe, it works best to make individual meatloaves.


Are you a zucchini lover? What is your favorite recipe?



Close to where I live in Vermont is a 40-acre sanctuary, called Eshqua Bog, jointly owned and managed by The Nature Conservancy and the New England Wild Flower Society.lady's slippers The New England Wild Flower society declared Eshqua Blog, “a treasure of Vermont flora.” A place with “exceptional aesthetic, educational and scientific value.” This bog has hundred’s of Showy Lady’s Slippers that bloom in the spring.lady's slippers


There is a wooden boardwalk that meanders through the bog, which is fully accessible for people of all ages and abilities. The boardwalk allows people to take a closer look at the wonderful plant life in the bog while protecting the bog from trampling.lady's slippers


The wild orchids are merely the most acclaimed wildflowers of this rich wetland. The bog and surrounding wetlands host the annual blooming of marsh marigolds, painted trillium, great white trillium, bloodroot, starflower, white turtlehead, blue-bead lily, trout lily, mayflower, blue cohosh and many other spectacular and subtle flowers.


The Bog is actually a fen and was protected to permanently preserve the diverse community of wetland plants like Labrador tea, cotton grass and pitcher plants. Fens are less acidic and fed by groundwater that carries important plant nutrients like calcium and magnesium from the surrounding bedrock. True bogs are typically dominated by sphagnum mosses while fens are characterized by an abundance of sedges and non-sphagnum mosses.


There are a number of orchids growing in the bog including the white bog orchis, green bog orchis, and yellow lady’s slippers.lady's slippers


In addition, hundreds of showy lady’s slippers bloom in early summer.lady's slippers


I have been to this bog several times but never have I seen so many Showy Lady Slippers in bloom. They were just magnificent. Known by naturalists for more than a century Eshqua Bog attracts wildflower lovers from around the nation.lady's slippers


If you are ever in the Woodstock, Vermont area take the time to explore this wonderful natural area. The paths are well marked and there is a small parking lot. You can explore the bog and there are also paths to enjoy the surrounding forest. If you have never seen Lady’s Slippers in the wild you are in for an amazing treat.lady's slippers

As we continue to pack up our house in preparation for an eventual move I look at my box of seeds and wonder how long will seeds last? Should I pack them up and take them with me? Like most home gardeners I’m frugal and I hate to throw anything away, especially leftover garden seeds from one year to the next.How Long Will Seeds Last


For long term storage seeds should be kept in the freezer. However that is not an option when planning a move across the country. So I will keep my seeds dry and in a dark place until they are ready to be planted again. Seeds should be stored with some type of desiccant in a sealed jar. You can actually use rice as a desiccant.


But how long do seeds last? Some types of seeds are naturally more short lived than others. Did you know that some seeds have a higher oil content than others and that these are the seeds with the shortest shelf life. Parsnips, spinach, lettuce and onion seeds have the shortest seed long will seeds last


Beans, beets, leeks, parsley, peppers, and Swiss chard seeds will usually be good for up to two long will seeds last


Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, leeks, and tomatoes should last for three long will seeds last


Turnips and flower seeds are generally good for four long will seeds last


If you keep your seeds dry and cool you may find they will last longer then the time periods I mentioned. I have heard of seed savers who have kept seeds for years and had success growing them.


Now that I know how long seeds will last I can now sort through my seeds and check the dates on the envelopes and decide which seeds I will be taking with us. Another thing that I will have to consider is will the seeds grow in the Pacific Northwest? I believe most of my seeds will do fine. Vermont has a very short growing season and although the PNW may have more rain and less sun I should still be able to have a vegetable garden. Any of my readers familiar with growing vegetables in the PNW?planning your vegetable garden

It has been a wet spring here in Vermont. It seemed like we had many more rainy days in May than sunny days. The benefit of so much rain is that the June flowers are bursting forth in bloom. June FlowersEven as you walk down the road the sides of the road have flowers everywhere you look. Nothing like the beauty of June flowers.June Flowers


My gardens are just beginning to fill out. With the house on the market we’re trying to stay on top of the weeds so that the house has a beautiful first impression as you drive in the driveway or walk around the outside. Do you see the Columbine peaking from behind the Hosta?June Flowers


The large pig pot which is usually full of herbs has recently been planted with flowers and annuals. It adds a nice bit of color as you approach the house.June Flowers


With the Lilac blooms come the Swallowtails. I have two varieties of Lilac, one is an early blooming Lilac while the other is late blooming. As a result we enjoy Lilac blooms from Memorial Day weekend well into June. When I see the Swallowtails on the lilac it is a definite sign of spring!June Flowers


Lupine are another sign of spring. They re-seed and come up everywhere. I have some regulars plants in the gardens around the house and then others come up that have re-seeded from elsewhere. These Lupines are coming up among the blueberries. Nice addition I think. I’ll let them stay. Lupines are one of my favorite spring flowers.June Flowers


I’ve have only planted half of my raised beds this year. I may do a planting of beans or lettuce. In the meantime I have baby lettuce coming up from lettuce that went to seed last year!June Flowers


Looks like it’s going to be a good year for Strawberries too!June Flowers


It won’t be long before the gardens are in full bloom, but in the meantime I’m enjoying the June flowers!June Flowers


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